Quiz 02 Welcome to your I/O Quiz 02 Your name 1. The experimental method is designed toestablish correlational relationships between variables.examine relationships between variables as they naturally occur.give the researcher a very high degree of control over the research setting.increase the objectivity of the researcher.2. One limitation of the correlational method isit is very difficult to use.it can only be used in controlled, laboratory-like conditions.it is usually costly and time-consuming.it is difficult to determine cause-and-effect relationships.3. I/O scientists and practitioners are required to keep data __________.available to all participants.in an organized data file.numeric rather than verbal.confidential.4. The control group is the group of participantswhere half of the participants receive the treatment.that receives the treatment.that does not receive the treatment.that is always randomly selected.5. The first step in conducting research is toobserve the target behavior.develop a working hypothesis.develop a null hypothesis.formulate the problem to be studied.6. The basic goals of any science in general and of I/O psychology, in particular, are tounderstand and accept phenomena.describe, explain, and predict phenomena.observe, communicate, and interrelate scientific principles.act as a scientist and react to the scientific findings of others.7. Obtrusive observation is a method for measuring research variables in which subjects areunconcerned about being observed.unaware that they are being observed.none of the aboveaware that they are being observed.8. A field experiment in I/O psychology is one that is conductedin a laboratory setting.in a natural setting.at a location other than the one where the psychologist is working.in a work setting.9. The key to the success of the experimental method isto allow extraneous variables to only influence the treatment group.to hold all extraneous variables constant.to randomly select a very large sample of participants.to manipulate as many variables as possible.10. The question of whether research results obtained in one setting will apply to another setting is calledmethod restriction.external validity.internal validity.research applicability.