Quiz 02 Welcome to your I/O Quiz 02 Your name 1. The basic goals of any science in general and of I/O psychology, in particular, are to describe, explain, and predict phenomena. understand and accept phenomena. act as a scientist and react to the scientific findings of others. observe, communicate, and interrelate scientific principles.2. One limitation of the correlational method is it can only be used in controlled, laboratory-like conditions. it is usually costly and time-consuming. it is very difficult to use. it is difficult to determine cause-and-effect relationships.3. The control group is the group of participants that does not receive the treatment. where half of the participants receive the treatment. that is always randomly selected. that receives the treatment.4. A field experiment in I/O psychology is one that is conducted in a natural setting. in a work setting. in a laboratory setting. at a location other than the one where the psychologist is working.5. The first step in conducting research is to develop a null hypothesis. develop a working hypothesis. formulate the problem to be studied. observe the target behavior.6. The key to the success of the experimental method is to manipulate as many variables as possible. to hold all extraneous variables constant. to allow extraneous variables to only influence the treatment group. to randomly select a very large sample of participants.7. I/O scientists and practitioners are required to keep data __________. in an organized data file. numeric rather than verbal. confidential. available to all participants.8. Obtrusive observation is a method for measuring research variables in which subjects are none of the above unconcerned about being observed. unaware that they are being observed. aware that they are being observed.9. The question of whether research results obtained in one setting will apply to another setting is called internal validity. external validity. research applicability. method restriction.10. The experimental method is designed to examine relationships between variables as they naturally occur. establish correlational relationships between variables. increase the objectivity of the researcher. give the researcher a very high degree of control over the research setting.