I/O Quiz 08 Welcome to your I/O Quiz 08 Your Name 1. Alderfer’s existence needs are similar to Maslow’ssocial needs.psychological needs.esteem needs.physiological needs.2. Job enrichment is an application based onbehavior-based theories of motivation.both Herzberg’s two-factor theory and the job characteristics model.Herzberg’s two-factor theory of motivation.the job characteristics model.3. Research has indicated that the setting of specific, challenging goals maylead to dismayed and discouraged workers.stimulate high-quality planning by workers.increase worker satisfaction.lead to increased communication between coworkers.4. A salesperson who is paid through bonuses given when the boss can afford them is being reinforced using avariable ratio schedule.fixed ratio schedule.variable interval schedule.fixed interval schedule.5. According to McClelland, workers who are happiest when working as part of a team may have a high need forpower.growth.achievement.affiliation.6. Motivation is defined asthe degree of ambition exhibited by a worker.physiological brain activity.a measure of how hard a person works.the force that energizes, directs, and sustains behavior.7. According to Herzberg, motivators are related to __________, whereas hygienes are related to __________.job content . . . job contextjob context . . . job contentintrinsic reinforcement . . . extrinsic reinforcementjob dissatisfaction . . . job satisfaction8. In general, organizational behavior modification hasfailed to increase worker motivation.led to increases in worker motivation.led to increases in organizational commitment.failed to increase worker satisfaction.9. Allowing outstanding employees to leave work early is an example of the use ofjob enrichment.negative reinforcementpunishment.positive reinforcement.10. According to Hackman and Oldham, skill variety, task identity, and task significance all affect workers’ perceptions ofthe amount of feedback they should receive.their degree of organizational commitment.their autonomy in their work.the meaningfulness of their work.