I/O Quiz 08 Welcome to your I/O Quiz 08 Your Name 1. Job enrichment is an application based on both Herzberg’s two-factor theory and the job characteristics model. behavior-based theories of motivation. the job characteristics model. Herzberg’s two-factor theory of motivation.2. Motivation is defined as the force that energizes, directs, and sustains behavior. a measure of how hard a person works. physiological brain activity. the degree of ambition exhibited by a worker.3. According to Hackman and Oldham, skill variety, task identity, and task significance all affect workers’ perceptions of their autonomy in their work. the amount of feedback they should receive. the meaningfulness of their work. their degree of organizational commitment.4. Alderfer’s existence needs are similar to Maslow’s esteem needs. physiological needs. psychological needs. social needs.5. Research has indicated that the setting of specific, challenging goals may stimulate high-quality planning by workers. lead to increased communication between coworkers. increase worker satisfaction. lead to dismayed and discouraged workers.6. A salesperson who is paid through bonuses given when the boss can afford them is being reinforced using a fixed interval schedule. variable interval schedule. fixed ratio schedule. variable ratio schedule.7. According to Herzberg, motivators are related to __________, whereas hygienes are related to __________. intrinsic reinforcement . . . extrinsic reinforcement job context . . . job content job content . . . job context job dissatisfaction . . . job satisfaction8. In general, organizational behavior modification has led to increases in organizational commitment. failed to increase worker motivation. led to increases in worker motivation. failed to increase worker satisfaction.9. Allowing outstanding employees to leave work early is an example of the use of job enrichment. punishment. negative reinforcement positive reinforcement.10. According to McClelland, workers who are happiest when working as part of a team may have a high need for growth. power. affiliation. achievement.