Welcome to your Quiz 02 Your name 1. A field experiment in I/O psychology is one that is conducted at a location other than the one where the psychologist is working. in a natural setting. in a laboratory setting. in a work setting.2. I/O scientists and practitioners are required to keep data __________. confidential. available to all participants. in an organized data file. numeric rather than verbal.3. The experimental method is designed to give the researcher a very high degree of control over the research setting. examine relationships between variables as they naturally occur. increase the objectivity of the researcher. establish correlational relationships between variables.4. Obtrusive observation is a method for measuring research variables in which subjects are unaware that they are being observed. none of the above aware that they are being observed. unconcerned about being observed.5. The key to the success of the experimental method is to hold all extraneous variables constant. to randomly select a very large sample of participants. to allow extraneous variables to only influence the treatment group. to manipulate as many variables as possible.6. The basic goals of any science in general and of I/O psychology, in particular, are to act as a scientist and react to the scientific findings of others. understand and accept phenomena. describe, explain, and predict phenomena. observe, communicate, and interrelate scientific principles.7. The question of whether research results obtained in one setting will apply to another setting is called external validity. research applicability. method restriction. internal validity.8. One limitation of the correlational method is it is very difficult to use. it is difficult to determine cause-and-effect relationships. it is usually costly and time-consuming. it can only be used in controlled, laboratory-like conditions.9. The control group is the group of participants that does not receive the treatment. that is always randomly selected. where half of the participants receive the treatment. that receives the treatment.10. The first step in conducting research is to observe the target behavior. develop a working hypothesis. develop a null hypothesis. formulate the problem to be studied.